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Eclipse RCP/RAP and Remoting with JAX-RS, Spring Data JPA and CXF DOSGi [step4]

juin 18, 2012 8 commentaires

In [step3] we have managed our UserService on Client and Server side with JAX-RS and Apache CXF DOSGi.

Embedding an HTTP server in Equinox

At this step the server side works with the HTTP Server Jetty which is an OSGi bundles. This mode is called Embedding an HTTP server in OSGi container : it means that HTTP server and WEB application are OSGi bundles. The OSGi container starts the HTTP server bundle. Embedding an HTTP server in Equinox explains how this mean is done with Equinox.

You can resume « embedding an HTTP server in OSGi container » like this :

OSGi container -> HTTP Server (bundle) -> WEB Application (bundle).

Equinox in a Servlet Container (ServletBridge)

It works great but sometimes you have not the luck to have an HTTP Server which supports OSGi like Apache Tomcat. For instance in our case, when we wished to deploy our XDocReport RAP Application on CloudBees, whish provides an Non OSGI HTTP Server Apache Tomcat.

Fortunatly, Server-Side Equinox provides Embedding OSGi container in a servlet container mode : it means that it’s a WEB Application which contains the OSGi container (and another bundles) which start the OSGi container. Equinox in a Servlet Container explains how this mean is done with Equinox.
You can resume « embedding OSGi container in a servlet container » like this :

HTTP Server -> WEB Application -> OSGi container.

To manage this mode you must create a classic WAR which hosts your OSGi plugins and ServletBridge. In this article we will explain how to create a WAR with our UserService on server side with the Eclipse Plug-In Libra WAR Product which was created for creating WAR from RAP Application launches. But it can be used too with OSGi launches (like we need in this article).

To create a WAR of CXF DOSGi application (server side), you must :

  • register your JAX-RS service with HttpService :
    <!-- HttpService -->
    <entry key="org.apache.cxf.rs.httpservice.context" value="/UserService" />
    
  • create a WAR which hosts OSGi bundles and ServletBridge. WAR Product gives you the capability to create a *.warproduct file from a launch (RAP, RCP, OSGi lanches, etc). This *.warproduct file is used to export it into a WAR to generate WAR.

At the end of this article we will create the the cxf-dosgi-jpa.war WAR. I have deployed this WAR on the CloudBees to see it on action. You can test for instance go at http://cxf-dosgi-war.opensagres.cloudbees.net/UserService/user/findAll to see JSON of the all users.

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Eclipse RCP/RAP and Remoting with JAX-RS, Spring Data JPA and CXF DOSGi [step3]

juin 6, 2012 4 commentaires

In [step2] we have implemented the JAX-RS Client which consumes the UserService#findAll() with JAX-RS:

@Path("/user")
public interface UserService {

	@GET
	@Path("/findAll")
	@Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
	Collection<User> findAll();
...
}

We have seen that JAX-RS Client fails when UserService#findAll(Pageable pageable) is called, because we have not annoted this method with JAX-RS:

1031 [Thread-5] ERROR org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.client.ClientProxyImpl  - Method fr.opensagres.services.UserService.findAll is not a valid resource method
	at org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.client.ClientProxyImpl.reportInvalidResourceMethod(ClientProxyImpl.java:546)

In this article we wish to export and import with JAX-RS the UserService#findAll(Pageable pageable) which returns the paginated list of the User which uses Spring Data – Commons structures :

  • Pageable : this parameter is the pagination request.
  • Page: the findAll method returns this structure which is the result of the pagination.

On other words we will annotate the UserService#findAll(Pageable pageable) like this :

@POST
@Path("/findAllPage")
@Consumes({ MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON })
@Produces({ MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON })
Page<User> findAll(Pageable pageable);

However when I have managed JAX-RS with Spring Data structure, I had 2 big problems coming from :

  • Spring Data – Commons: Spring Data Page and Pageable are interfaces and not Pojo. JAX-RS works with Pojo which are annotated with JAXB annotations. How do manage Spring Data Page and Pageable interfaces with JAX-RS? Fortunately, JAXB 2.0 provides XmlJavaTypeAdapter (please read Using JAXB 2.0’s XmlJavaTypeAdapter) which gives the capability to serialize Page and Pageable interfaces with JAXB. I have suggested this idea to Oliver Gierke, the lead of the Spring Data and he is developing JAXB Adapter with SpringDataJaxb.java. However in this article we will not use this class (because this class is not finished) but we will create our own JAXB adapter which will be more simply to understand how to work the JAXB Adapter.
  • Apache CXF: on server side when CXF tries to serialize the Page class with JAXB, it fails because the JAXBContext doesn’t know the User class. This problem comes from that CXF is not able to populate the JAXBContext automaticly with Parameterized class (in our case , we have Page<T> and T=User, the JAXBContext is filled just with Page but not with User). You can fix the problem by setting extra class to the JSONProvider :
    <bean id="jsonProvider" class="org.apache.cxf.jaxrs.provider.JSONProvider">
    	<property name="singleJaxbContext" value="true" />
    	<property name="extraClass">
    		<list>
    			<value>fr.opensagres.domain.User</value>
    		</list>
    	</property>
    </bean>
    

    We will do that in this article, but I have created the patch CXF-4359 which fixes the explained problem below to avoid declaring extra classes for JSONProvider.

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Catégories :Apache CXF, DOSGi, Spring Data JPA

Eclipse RCP/RAP and Remoting with JAX-RS, Spring Data JPA and CXF DOSGi [step2]

mai 31, 2012 2 commentaires

In [step1] we have downloaded CXF DOSGi « Multi Bundle Distribution » and created the fr.opensagres.remoting.exporter.dosgi.jaxrs bundle
to export on server side the UserService#findAll() with JAX-RS:

@Path("/user")
public interface UserService {

	@GET
	@Path("/findAll")
	@Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
	Collection<User> findAll();
...
}

In this article we will create the importer bundle fr.opensagres.remoting.importer.dosgi.jaxrs which will create a JAX-RS Client with Spring bean :

<jaxrs:client id="jaxrsUserService" address="http://127.0.0.1:9000/fr/opensagres/services/UserService"
	serviceClass="fr.opensagres.services.UserService" inheritHeaders="true">
</jaxrs:client>

and will register this JAX-RS Client in the OSGi register services as UserService :

<osgi:service ref="jaxrsUserService" interface="fr.opensagres.services.UserService" />

For recall, the Simple Client bundle fr.opensagres.simpleclient consumes a UserService in the Thread FindAllUsersThread from the OSGi registry services and display User list every 5 seconds. In our case the UserService instance will be the JAX-RS Client retrieved from the OSGi registry services :

<osgi:reference id="userService" interface="fr.opensagres.services.UserService" cardinality="0..1" timeout="1000" />

This JAX-RS Client UserService will be setted in the FindAllUsersThread with Dependency Injection :

<bean id="FindAllUsersThread" class="fr.opensagres.simpleclient.FindAllUsersThread"
		init-method="start" destroy-method="interrupt">
	<property name="userService" ref="userService"></property>
</bean>

This FindAllUsersThread (client side) consumes the UserService#findAll() every 5 seconds to display user list on the console :

// 1) findAll
users = userService.findAll();
displayUsers("findAll", users);

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Catégories :Apache CXF, DOSGi

Eclipse RCP/RAP and Remoting with JAX-RS, Spring Data JPA and CXF DOSGi [step1]

mai 29, 2012 5 commentaires

The Eclipse RCP/RAP with Spring DM, Spring Data JPA and Remoting [step11] article explains that we wish to manage remoting for UserService :

package fr.opensagres.services;

import java.util.Collection;

import org.springframework.data.domain.Page;
import org.springframework.data.domain.Pageable;

import fr.opensagres.domain.User;

public interface UserService {

	Collection<User> findAll();

	Page<User> findAll(Pageable pageable);
		
	Collection<User> findByFirstNameLikeAndLastNameLike(String firstName,
			String lastName);

	Page<User> findByFirstNameLikeAndLastNameLike(String firstName,
			String lastName, Pageable pageable);

	User saveUser(User user);

}
  • the server side will export the UserService which retrieves User from Database with JPA.
  • the client side, RCP Application, RAP Application and OSGi Bundle Activator will import the UserService to consume the exported UserService.

In this article I will explain how to manage remoting with CXF DOSGi with JAX-RS. DOSGi Releases provides 2 distributions:

  • Multi Bundle Distribution: This distribution is a zip file containing the Distributed OSGi bundles, as well as all their dependencies.
  • Single Bundle Distribution: This is a convenience distribution of a single bundle that embeds all the dependencies.

In our case we will use « Multi Bundle Distribution » which is more complex to use it than « Single Bundle Distribution », but we need to do that because we have already Spring DM.

When I have used CXF DOSGi to manage remoting with our UserService, I have met several problems :

  • « Multi Bundle Distribution » is very hard to use, because you need install a lot of bundles and set the Auto-Start to true for some bundles.
  • Using JAX-RS was not simply with the UserService because it uses Spring Data Page and Pageable interfaces (and not Pojo).

I will explain that in the Eclipse RCP/RAP and Remoting with JAX-RS, Spring Data JPA and CXF DOSGi articles. In this article we will export the UserService#findAll() with JAX-RS:

package fr.opensagres.services;

import java.util.Collection;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

import fr.opensagres.domain.User;

@Path("/user")
public interface UserService {

	@GET
	@Path("/findAll")
	@Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
	Collection<User> findAll();
...
}

On other words, we will

Lire la suite…

Catégories :Apache CXF, DOSGi

Eclipse RCP/RAP with Spring DM, Spring Data JPA and Remoting [step11]

mai 29, 2012 2 commentaires

In [step10] we have created RAP Application from the RCP Application. At this step we have several Client Layer :

  • OSGi Bundle Activator (simpleclient)
  • RCP Application
  • RAP Application

which consumes Service Layer : UserService (from Mock Dao, JPA Dao) to retrieve list of User :

package fr.opensagres.services;

import java.util.Collection;

import org.springframework.data.domain.Page;
import org.springframework.data.domain.Pageable;

import fr.opensagres.domain.User;

public interface UserService {

	Collection<User> findAll();

	Page<User> findAll(Pageable pageable);
		
	Collection<User> findByFirstNameLikeAndLastNameLike(String firstName,
			String lastName);

	Page<User> findByFirstNameLikeAndLastNameLike(String firstName,
			String lastName, Pageable pageable);

	User saveUser(User user);

}

Here, The Client and Service Layer are in the same OSGi container. Now we wish manage Client/Server architecture to have :

  • Client Layer in an OSGi container
  • Service Layer in an other OSGi container

the Client Layer will consume Service Layer with remoting mean.

Lire la suite…

Catégories :Apache CXF, DOSGi, ECF, Spring Remoting